New York has always been a city of immigrants, but those immigrants have come from different places at different times, as Metrocosm’s new interactive visualization shows. Max Galka, who previously analyzed NYC filming locations, crunched Census records and other historical documents to get sense of where people emigrated from all the way back to when New Amsterdam was a Dutch colony.

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At various points, the greatest proportion have come from the Netherlands, Great Britain, Ireland, Germany, Italy, Russia, and the Caribbean (no word on Australians, who feel like the largest foreign-born group in certain parts of New York in 2015). Go to Metrocosm for a closer look.